Luxembourg has no official resettlement programme in place; however, it has occasionally carried out ad-hoc resettlement. In June 2009, the decision by the Luxembourg government to resettle 7 Sunni Muslim – 2 families - and 20 Christian Iraqi refugees – 5 families -, made following the November 2008 Council Conclusions, demonstrated the country’s interest in taking part in the EU effort to find a durable solution for Iraqi refugees. Luxembourg did not specify criteria for those cases but agreed to consider dossiers referred by UNHCR. However, most of the families already had family links in Luxembourg.
Upon arrival, all refugees had to apply for refugee status through an expedited procedure. Refugee status allows one to receive a permanent residence permit with the possibility of applying for citizenship after 7 years of residency. The Luxembourg’s Red Cross was responsible for the reception and integration for the Sunni Muslim Iraqi refugees while Caritas was responsible for the Christian families.
Refugees assisted by the Red Cross were immediately taken to independent housing, which was provided for by the Luxembourg Office of Reception and Integration (OLAI - Office Luxembourgeois de l’Accueil et de l’Intégration) until tenants had the means to pay for their housing expenses. Those whom Caritas assisted stayed initially with a family sponsor for two months, during which time the OLAI administration found appropriate independent housing. Social workers from both Caritas and the Red Cross assisted refugees in finding schools for their children, in applying for financial assistance and in arranging healthcare coverage.
OLAI covered 100% of medical expenses upon arrival. Eventually, refugees would need to choose a health insurance provider; the government would however continue to reimburse the majority of healthcare costs. Iraqis were placed in housing generally close to or in the largest cities, Luxembourg City and Esch-sur-Alzette.
In addition to ad hoc resettlement, Luxembourg has relocated 6 persons under EUREMA I in 2010-2011. Luxembourg does not participate in EUREMA II.