General points on refugee resettlement

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Title Source Country
EU Resettlement Fact Sheet UNHCR Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic
Welcome to Europe! A comprehensive guide to resettlement ICMC Europe Belgium, Czech Republic
Refugee Resettlement in France Factsheet Forum Réfugiés-Cosi France
Know Reset website ECRE, European University Institute, Migration Policy Centre Belgium, Denmark, Finland
What is the European response to the Syrian refugee crisis? Czech Radio - Daniela Vrbová Czech Republic
Refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo Cultural Orientation Resource Center
Refugee Backgrounder No. 2: The 1972 Burundians Cultural Orientation Resource Center
Economic Impact of Refugees in the Cleveland Area CHMURA Economics & Analytics
Carlow Rohingya Resettlement Programme Aoife Titley Ireland
'We are the victims of the separation': A Report on Bhutanese Refugees Remaining in Nepal Susan Banki & Nicole Phillips
REMOVING THE STUMBLING BLOCKS: Ways to Use Resettlement More Effectively to Protect Vulnerable Refugee Minors The University of Sydney
10,000 refugees from Iraq: A report on joint resettlement in the European Union International Catholic Migration Commission Europe & International Rescue Committee (IRC)
L'Observatoire de France terre d'asile N'59 France terre d'asile France
Pathway to Protection: IOM Services Immi TV, Department of Immigration and Border Protection, Australian government
Pathway to Protection: Rai Family Resettlement Journey Immi TV, Department of Immigration and Border Protection, Australian government
Pathway to Protection: Life beyond Beldangi Refugee Camp Immi TV, Department of Immigration and Border Protection, Australian government
Clarifying UNHCR Resettlement: A few considerations from a legal perspective Haruno Nakashiba
Resettlement at Risk: Meeting Emerging Challenges to Refugee Resettlement in Local Communities Melanie Nezer
Resettlement Fact Sheet UNHCR Austria, Belgium
Refugee resettlement: the view from Kenya. Findings from field research in Nairobi and Kakuma refugee camp. Hannah Elliot, KNOW RESET Research Report 2012/01
Refugee Resettlement from Pakistan: Findings from Afghan Refugee Camps in the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) Ilyas Chattha, KNOW RESET Research Report 2013/01
Europe, now it is your turn to act Amnesty International
New Land, New Life - The inspiring stories of five refugees HardaMedia
Leaving Libya - A Review of UNHCR’s Emergency Operation in Tunisia and Egypt 2011-2012 UNHCR, Policy Development and Evaluation Service
Refugee resettlement: 2012 and beyond Margaret Piper AM, Paul Power, Dr Graham Thom

'We are the victims of the separation': A Report on Bhutanese Refugees Remaining in Nepal

'In the early 1990s tens of thousands of Lhotshampas, ethnic Nepalese from the southern region of Bhutan, fled their homeland through India and sought refuge in Nepal. More than 100,000 refugees lived in camps in eastern Nepal in a protracted situation for 18 years until 2008, when several countries of the Global North announced that they would begin a program of mass resettlement and take the Bhutanese refugees out of Nepal. It has now been more than five years since the process of mass resettlement was initiated. There are 88,841 Bhutanese refugees who have already resettled to third countries and 28,735 remaining in the camps. Of the remaining population, 7,206 refugees have not indicated any interest in resettlement. 1 This report focuses on the voices of the people who do not wish to resettle, and thus includes refugee perspectives that may be critical of resettlement. The analysis undertaken in this report, however, is in no way meant to diminish the option of resettlement as a valuable, indeed a critical, solution. The report merely aims to shed light on the opinions of those refugees who do not plan to resettle so that their voices will not be forgotten or relegated to ‘old news.’

REMOVING THE STUMBLING BLOCKS: Ways to Use Resettlement More Effectively to Protect Vulnerable Refugee Minors

As documented in this report, most unaccompanied minors have little option but to remain in highly precarious situations in countries of first asylum. Others will go forth in search of sanctuary. Each year since 2010, the number of children arriving unaccompanied in the USA has doubled. It is estimated that 60,000 unaccompanied children will reach the USA in 2014. Though not on the same scale, other western states have also seen a significant increase in asylum applications from unaccompanied minors in recent years. 
 
Understanding why the international protection regime is failing to make effective use of one of the most important tools at its disposal – resettlement – is of critical importance. What are the obstacles? At what stage of the process do they occur? And what can be done to remove them? These and many other related questions provided the motivation for this research project. 

10,000 refugees from Iraq: A report on joint resettlement in the European Union

 

Violence has forced millions of Iraqi children, women and men to flee their homes and seek refuge both inside and beyond their country’s borders. In light of the challenges preventing refugees from returning to Iraq and of the obstacles to local integration in host countries like Jordan and Syria, for many of the most vulnerable refugees, resettlement in a new country is the only durable solution. With this report, the International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC) and the International Rescue Committee (IRC) want to find out how far EU Member States have come to meet the pledge of resettling up to 10 000 refugees from Iraq, as expressed in the joint EU call of November 2008, and to document what can be considered as a first experience of joint  resettlement in the European Union.

After the Iraqi refugee crisis erupted in 2006, a coordinated EU response was slow to build up and initially relied on the generosity of eight countries with established resettlement programmes. These countries offered some 3 300 places for Iraqi refugees between 2007 and 2008. Under the leadership of Member States like France, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden, and with the support of the European Commission, the EU response was energised by the November 2008 Council Conclusions and by the decision of a number of countries to establish ad hoc resettlement quotas. As a result, in 2009 alone, twelve EU countries were able to offer over 5 100 resettlement places, thereby bringing the number of resettled refugees from Iraq since 2007 to just over 8 400, and showing that EU countries are able to make a difference by acting together. At the same time, although the joint effort for Iraqi refugees clearly contributed to an increase in resettlement places available for refugees in the EU, with the global increase in resettlement between 2007 and 2009, the relative contribution of the EU has remained unchanged.

The report also describes how resettlement of Iraqis has been carried out in each of the countries involved and makes recommendations to guide further steps by both the EU, as it develops its first Joint EU Resettlement Programme, and the Member States. The November 2008 pledge to resettle up to 10 000 refugees from Iraq has not yet been met and it is not clear how and when this will happen. The question is how much more are the EU and its Member States prepared to do to address the continuing needs of Iraqi and other refugees in need of durable solutions.

What is the European response to the Syrian refugee crisis?

Czech Radio's Daniela Vrbová produced a broadcast from the SHARE Network Conference for the 'Focus on Foreigners' programme.  Entitled 'What is the European response to the Syrian refugee crisis?' the 25-minute programme uses interviews with SHARE Network Conference participants and others to explore the European response to the Syrian refugee crisis, including via resettlement and Humanitarian Admission Programmes.

Among the individuals interviewed during the broadcast are Hugh Fenton (Director of the Office of the Danish Refugee Council in Jordan); Abdulkareem Abdulkareem, an Iraqi engineer resettled to Germany from Syria in 2009; Vincent Cochetel (Director, UNHCR Bureau for Europe); Karl Kopp (PRO ASYL); Hilde Scheidt (Deputy Mayor of the city of Aachen, Germany), Gabriela Strååt (County Administrative Board of Västerbotten, Sweden) and Lubomir Metnar (Deputy Interior Minister for Internal Security in Czech Republic).

You can listen to the English version of the programme and read a summary of its contents here (please note that the official broadcast lanuage is Czech, and the English audio version is an unofficial translation).

Pathway to Protection: IOM Services

Dmytro Dmytrenko from the International Organisation for Migration, (IOM) talkis about the logistical support provided to the refugees at Beldangi Refugee Camp Damak, Nepal.

Dmytro is proud the IOM can facilitate the migration of refugees and prepare them for a new life and a pathway to protection.

 

Pathway to Protection: Rai Family Resettlement Journey

After more than 15 years Tek and Padam Maya Rai leave Beldangi Refugee camp in Nepal for a new life in Launceston, Australia. They reflect on the their time in the camp and have mixed emotions about leaving family and friends.

Arriving in Launceston they are filled with hope and happiness for their children and family as they journey toward a pathway to protection.

 

Pathway to Protection: Life beyond Beldangi Refugee Camp

Join Tika and Indra who have lived in the Beldangi Refugee Camp, Nepal, for more than 15 years. Share their journeys so far - their daily routines and the hardships of life in the camp.
We hear abut their anxiety, hope and excitement of resettling in Australia as they take the next step towards a pathway to protection.

Clarifying UNHCR Resettlement: A few considerations from a legal perspective

The resettlement of a refugee to a third country from the country in which he or she first sought asylum is one of the three durable solutions (voluntary repatriation, local integration, and resettlement) that the office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is mandated to seek, in addition to its core function of providing international protection to its persons of concern.

Academic studies on refugee resettlement under the auspices of UNHCR are largely classified into three disciplinary approaches. One is a historical approach that examines the evolution of UNHCR resettlement in the macro-political landscape. The second approach is anthropological and reveals the micro-politics most specifically related to the identification of
refugees for resettlement . The third approach is to examine resettlement from a legal viewpoint; only a few studies have been conducted from this perspective.3 One critique of UNHCR resettlement notes that it ‘lacks a clear definition and it has been manipulated as a major tool for States to apply discretionary policies.’4 In particular, the resettlement of African refugees ‘has been shaped by the continuing tension between political imperatives and humanitarian obligations.’5 It is also noted that these three durable solutions ‘find loose support from legal instruments and are mainly derived from the regular practice of states and international organisations.’ Consequently, ‘they are embedded in a complex set of political, economic, and strategic interests that often go far beyond humanitarian concerns on refugees’ protection.’

The UNHCR resettlement operates within a complex matrix of human rights, humanitarian and political considerations. It is therefore essential that we carefully analyse the two propositions that have been made: first, that there is no clear definition of resettlement, and second, that resettlement has only loose support from legal instruments. There has been no studies conducted that analysed the resettlement mechanisms in relation to legal frameworks. Close examinations of the definition and the functions of resettlement would achieve more clarity on the UNHCR resettlement.