Integration of resettled refugees

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The Natural Growth Project - Freedom From Torture (formerly the Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture)

Freedom from Torture provides survivors of torture and their families with medical and social care, practical assistance and psychological and physical therapies. The organisation also provides documentation of torture through medico-legal reports, seeks to influence the public and decision makers to ensure the rights of survivors are upheld and conducts multidisciplinary training and capacity building work for organisations working with survivors of torture around the world.

Social networks, social capital and refugee integration

With over 300,000 refugees living in the UK and more arriving each year much attention has focused upon refugee integration policy and practice. Whilst there is no agreement about what constitutes integration certain trends can be identified. These include the importance of access to employment and public services, and the development of social connections and the ability to speak English. It is recognised that integration is multi-dimensional and while not a
linear process, does occur over time. Yet little research has focused upon how different factors combine to influence the refugee integration experience. Ager and Strang’s (2004; 2008) integration framework was developed in a bid to bring the multiple dimensions together in an analytical framework. We utilise this framework looking in detail at the role of social capital in relation to the indicators identified by Ager and Strang.

Our aim was to increase understanding about the role of social capital in refugee integration.
Our objectives are to:
• Investigate the role of different types of capital in refugee integration
• Isolate social capital from other kinds of capital
• Explore interrelationships with different integration indicators
• To inform integration policy and practice

Refugee Backgrounder No. 2: The 1972 Burundians

The United States has agreed to resettle a group of Burundian refugees who have lived in Tanzanian refugee camps since 1972. The refugees, who are not able to return safely to their homes in Burundi or settle permanently in Tanzania, were referred to the United States for resettlement consideration by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Known as the “1972 Burundians,” the group resides in three different refugee camps in Tanzania: Ngara in the north, Kibondo in the country’s central region, and Kasulu in the south.

During FY 2007, the United States will resettle 2,000 to 3,000 of the refugees. An additional 4,000 to 5,000 will be resettled during FY 2008 and FY 2009.

Who are the 1972 Burundians? Why are they being resettled in the United States? What are their cultural customs and background characteristics? What will their resettlement needs be?


Refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Over the next 5 years, the United States expects to resettle tens of thousands of refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), scene of some of the world’s worst violence and human rights abuses in recent years. The refugees are part of a population of more than 3 million Congolese refugees and internally displaced persons forced by war and unrest to flee their homes. The refugees, mostly ethnic minorities from eastern DRC, will be resettled out of neighboring first-asylum countries, where conditions are difficult and often unsafe. In the United States, the refugees will be joining more than 10,000 Congolese who have been resettled since 2001.

This backgrounder provides U.S. resettlement communities with basic information about the new refugee arrivals. It looks at the causes of the refugee crisis, life in the DRC and countries of first asylum, the basic background characteristics of the refugees, and their resettlement experiences in the United States. The backgrounder also notes the strengths incoming Congolese refugees bring and the challenges they may face upon resettlement.

The Lost Boys of Sudan - part 2

The Lost Boys, part two

March 31, 2013 12:21 PM

Bob Simon first met the Lost Boys in a Kenyan refugee camp in 2001 after they had fled civil war in the Sudan. Some of the young men were relocated to the U.S. -- how are they doing now?

Presentation Ceremony for the Adult Refugee Programme - 2012

This book is a celebration of the work done by the Adult Rrefugee Programme (ARP) students over the year 2011/2012. The aim of this programme is to assist as much as possible resettled refugees and other refugees in a process of integration into Irish society. The booklet recounts the story of this learning journey over the year 2011/2012 and contains photographs, stories, articles and quotes from the students.

Adult Refugee Programme - Yearbook 2010/2011

National Adult Refugee Programme

The Adult Refugee Programme  is open to all those with refugee status. This is interpreted as being in possession of a valid Green Card with a stamp 4. Participation in the Programme is available for a period of up to 6 months, 20 hours per week. This does not necessarily have to be continuous and in very general terms translates to approximately 460 hours for each Programme participant. There are 2 distinct types of classes that are operated; those as part of initial assistance to Programme Refugees resettled in Ireland (programme is available for 1 year) and those in areas identified with a significant population of refugees.

The purpose of the Programme is to assist as best possible in a process of integration into Irish society and at all times during the Programme participants must be actively seeking employment. The Programme offers assistance in 3 ways:

  • up-skilling English language ability,
  • assistance in accessing the work/study place and,
  • through social activities, an increase in the understanding of both the culture and the general characteristics of Ireland.

The programme runs short-term, part-time courses for refugees, courses specifically designed to better enable participants to effectively integrate into Irish society, both from a language and from a social and cultural perspective.

The programme also delivers an intensive induction course to newly arriving Programme Refugees in partnership with the Office for the Promotion of Migrant Integration in the Department of Justice and Equality. This 6 week course is completed prior to the refugees moving to their permanent location.

Shaping our future

The MORE Project (Modelling of National Resettlement Process and Implementation of Emergency Measures) was an EU funded Project which ran from December 2003 to April 2005. The Project partners were the Ministry of Labour, Finland (MOL) and the Reception and Integration Agency, Ireland (RIA) in cooperation with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) and the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE).
The aim of the Project was to develop comprehensive models for the resettlement process which can be utilised by other European Union Member States and other countries. The main outcome of the Project was the production of this practical guide to the resettlement process. During the course of the Project, activities were conducted at international and national level in Finland and in Ireland. In developing its approach to work the Project acknowledged a number of basic principles: that the work of the Project should be practical in nature; that the participation of resettled refugees was key and that a holistic approach to the resettlement process, in which distinct elements of the process are linked together, was required. Throughout the lifetime of the Project, the Project team sought to involve all of the key actors engaged in the resettlement process. The key resettlement actors include: resettled refugees; national authorities; international organisations such as the UNHCR and IOM; international and national level NGOs; local authorities; front-line public service providers and local community organisations.

Evaluation of the Gateway Protection Programme

In March 2005, the Resettlement Interagency Partnership (RIAP) commissioned an independent evaluation of the delivery of the Gateway Protection Programme (GPP). Various agencies in RIAP, funded via the Home Office for the Programme had agreed to pool evaluation budgets, in order to ensure an integrated evaluation process. The overall aims of the evaluation were:
♦ To assess the effectiveness of the Resettlement Interagency Partnership (RIAP) and Gateway Protection Programme (GPP) in delivering services and support that are in the best interests of refugees.
♦ To identify the key learning points and best practice from the experience of delivering the Programme to date.
♦ To provide a set of recommendations and suggested models to help further develop the Programme.
In carrying out the evaluation, considerations of cost effectiveness and value for money have been included. The ethos of the evaluation has been ‘forward looking’, identifying strengths and areas of good practice, and considering how these might be built on. Where particular challenges and areas in need of further development have emerged, these have been constructively draw upon as lessons learnt in this pilot period, so that they can inform future work on the Programme.
As part of the agreed evaluation process, individual feedback will be provided to key RIAP and other delivery partners. This detailed feedback is not included within this report.
The Gateway Protection Programme involves a number of delivery stages, pre-arrival and then post arrival in the UK. Those elements of the programme that are delivered in the countries from which refugees travel are referred to in the evaluation, particularly where they have had an impact on resettlement and on the services offered within the UK. However, they have not been considered in the same detail as the post arrival stages, since the level of fieldwork required for this was not within the agreed scope of this evaluation.
This report begins with a summary of key findings and recommendations, followed by a brief background to GPP and description of the evaluation methodology. The detailed evaluation findings and analysis are then presented in four sections that consider the delivery of services, the structure and function of the Programme, the partnership approach, and principles for future development.