Relocation in the EU

The 2015-17 EU relocation scheme was established to relieve pressure on Italy and Greece by transferring 160,000 asylum seekers to other Member States. Member State participation in the scheme was mandatory, and relocation activities were financially supported by the Asylum, Migration & Integration Fund (2014-20). Although the scheme fell far short of its original target, relocating around 37,000 persons during 2015-17, it represented a significant step forward for solidarity and responsibility-sharing between Member States in the context of asylum.


To find out about Member States' contributions to the EU relocation during 2015-17, check the individual country posters included in the SHARE Network graphic display series published in late 2019. 


Relocation continues on a voluntary basis pending the publication of the New Pact on Asylum & Migration later in 2020, which Home Affairs Commissioner Ylva Johansson has indicated will contain a 'permanent solidarity mechanism'.  


The SHARE Network has reported, for example, on ongoing efforts to ensure Member States fulfil their pre-COVID19 pledges to relocate unaccompanied children from camps on the Greek islands. Cities and regions are playing an increasingly important role in advocating for Member State involvement in this relocation exercise: