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The Labour Market Integration of Resettled Refugees

This literature review aims to synthesise what is currently known about labour market integration of resettled refugees. One aspect, widely acknowledged in the literature, is that a ‘refugee gap’ appears when comparing resettled refugees to other immigrants in terms of labour market integration. Analyses in multiple countries have shown that resettled refugees perform worse in measures of labour market integration compared to other immigrants and individuals in the short-term, even when controlling for differences in demographics such as age, education level, and level of host country language acquisition. 

Welcome to Europe! A comprehensive guide to resettlement


This publication is an outcome of the joint IOM, UNHCR and ICMC project ‘Linking In EU resettlement – Linking the resettlement phases and connecting (local) resettlement practitioners’, co-funded by the European Commission via the European Refugee Fund.

This new edition of Welcome to Europe covers all aspects of global resettlement needs, processes, policy and partnerships, focusing on the ongoing growth and development of resettlement in Europe, as follows:

Chapter 1 – Resettlement and international protection

Chapter 2 – Global resettlement

Chapter 3 – Refugee situations in focus

Chapter 4 – The resettlement process: from identification to departure

Chapter 5 – Resettlement in Europe – rising slowly but surely

Chapter 7 – European resettlement programmes

Chapter 8 – Building a new life in the community: approaches to reception and integration in Europe

‘Welcome to Europe!’ underscores the life-saving role of resettlement, and contributes to the promotion of resettlement in Europe as one component of a comprehensive and durable approach to protecting refugees. To submit your contributions and reflections on the publication, please contact Sophie Ngo-Diep at communications.europe@icmc.net or start a discussion in the Community of Practice.

The World at Our Doorstep

The Onondaga Citizens League published its first study report in 1979, the same year that the first refugees from Vietnam were resettled in Syracuse. It is somehow fitting then, that as OCL celebrates the 35th anniversary of its founding, we release our latest report, The World at Our Doorstep, which explores – and celebrates – our community’s continuing commitment to welcoming and resettling refugees from all over the world.

This year’s study on refugee resettlement grew out of an awareness that while Syracuse has a long history of welcoming new populations, the increasing numbers of refugees resettled here in recent years have brought concerns about the community’s ability to absorb these new residents and help them adjust. Many recent refugees come from areas of the world where they suffered years of civil strife, warfare and deprivation. They arrive with fewer resources and higher needs than past refugees. The Citizens League study sought to determine what might be done to strengthen the existing human services system that helps refugees thrive and become part of our community.

Career Paths in the Health Sector in Minnesota

The NGO ‘International Institute of Minnesota (IIM)’ developed and implemented a nationally recognised programme offering a career path for refugees and other third country nationals interested in employment in the medical field. The three-step programme includes:

EMPLOOI - Dutch Council for Refugees

Emplooi was set up by the Dutch Council for Refugees (DCfR) in response to the high unemployment among refugees. In 2000 Emplooi became an independent foundation; with mentors spread throughout the Netherlands. Since its creation it has helped 11,000 refugees enter the Dutch labour market. To help refugees get into jobs, Emplooi carries out various activities:

Labour Market Training Programme and Swedish for Immigrants - Swedish Ministry of Labour, Swedish for Immigrants and Gävleborg County Administrative Board

‘Swedish for Immigrants’ (SFI) is the national language learning course offered for a minimum of two years to all immigrants in Sweden. The programme is compulsory for resettled refugees and their financial benefits can depend on attendance. In 2009, SFI added a vocational training component to the language training. The programme is the first of its kind in Sweden and is currently carried out in ten municipalities across Gävleborg. The Labour Market Training courses amount to 25 hours per week and are taken in addition to the required 15 hours of Swedish.

Participative Integration in Finland

The Participative integraton in Finland project, implemented by a provisional law, was launched in order to holistically promote the integration of immigrants. The project partners are the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Employment and the Economy, the Ministry of Education adn Culture, the Finnish Cultural Foundation, the Swedish Cultural Foundation in Finland and the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities. The project term is 22.3.2010-30.6.2013.