Identification & Selection of refugees

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Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the European Union 2012

The 2012 Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the European Union aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the requests for international protection made in the EU and how Member States dealt with them, important asylum-related developments at EU and national level, and the functioning of all key aspects of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS).

In the third chapter the Resettlement process in Europe is addressed, with useful charts comparing figures among the European countries in the past five years. The active role of local Municipalities throughout Europe is also highlighted, with reference to the ‘Linking-In EU Resettlement’ project and the European Resettlement Network launched by UNHCR, IOM and ICMC.

Selection of quota refugees

The flowchart shows the Finnish decision system to fix the quota of refugees to be resettled in the country every year.

Refugee Backgrounder No. 2: The 1972 Burundians

The United States has agreed to resettle a group of Burundian refugees who have lived in Tanzanian refugee camps since 1972. The refugees, who are not able to return safely to their homes in Burundi or settle permanently in Tanzania, were referred to the United States for resettlement consideration by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Known as the “1972 Burundians,” the group resides in three different refugee camps in Tanzania: Ngara in the north, Kibondo in the country’s central region, and Kasulu in the south.

During FY 2007, the United States will resettle 2,000 to 3,000 of the refugees. An additional 4,000 to 5,000 will be resettled during FY 2008 and FY 2009.

Who are the 1972 Burundians? Why are they being resettled in the United States? What are their cultural customs and background characteristics? What will their resettlement needs be?


Refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Over the next 5 years, the United States expects to resettle tens of thousands of refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), scene of some of the world’s worst violence and human rights abuses in recent years. The refugees are part of a population of more than 3 million Congolese refugees and internally displaced persons forced by war and unrest to flee their homes. The refugees, mostly ethnic minorities from eastern DRC, will be resettled out of neighboring first-asylum countries, where conditions are difficult and often unsafe. In the United States, the refugees will be joining more than 10,000 Congolese who have been resettled since 2001.

This backgrounder provides U.S. resettlement communities with basic information about the new refugee arrivals. It looks at the causes of the refugee crisis, life in the DRC and countries of first asylum, the basic background characteristics of the refugees, and their resettlement experiences in the United States. The backgrounder also notes the strengths incoming Congolese refugees bring and the challenges they may face upon resettlement.

Shaping our future

The MORE Project (Modelling of National Resettlement Process and Implementation of Emergency Measures) was an EU funded Project which ran from December 2003 to April 2005. The Project partners were the Ministry of Labour, Finland (MOL) and the Reception and Integration Agency, Ireland (RIA) in cooperation with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) and the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE).
The aim of the Project was to develop comprehensive models for the resettlement process which can be utilised by other European Union Member States and other countries. The main outcome of the Project was the production of this practical guide to the resettlement process. During the course of the Project, activities were conducted at international and national level in Finland and in Ireland. In developing its approach to work the Project acknowledged a number of basic principles: that the work of the Project should be practical in nature; that the participation of resettled refugees was key and that a holistic approach to the resettlement process, in which distinct elements of the process are linked together, was required. Throughout the lifetime of the Project, the Project team sought to involve all of the key actors engaged in the resettlement process. The key resettlement actors include: resettled refugees; national authorities; international organisations such as the UNHCR and IOM; international and national level NGOs; local authorities; front-line public service providers and local community organisations.

The Swedish Refugee Quota 2012 - Pool slots and continued focus on the Horn of Africa

Every year, the government sets aside a certain amountof funding for a Swedish refugee quota. The refugee quota is a way for Sweden to support refugees around the world who do not have the possibility to return to their country of origin, nor to be granted protection in the country to which they have fled. The Swedish Migration Board has been assigned by the government to resettle refugees, based on a proposal from UNHCR. In 2012, the Swedish Migration Board plans to resettle 1900 refugees and persons in need of protection, to Sweden.

The Swedish Refugee quota

They are often called “quota refugees” but many prefer the label “UN refugees”. It also happens – consciously or unconsciously – that they are wrongly called “real refugees” in opposition to those who came to Sweden and sought asylum on their own. This is a matter of the approximately 1,900 people taken as part of the annual Swedish refugee quota and who have their residence permit prepared before entry.

Syria: a regional crisis

Nearly two years of civil war in Syria has produced a regional humanitarian disaster. More than two and a half million Syrians have been uprooted from their homes, including more than 600,000 who have fled to neighboring countries, and an estimated four million Syrians are in dire need of assistance. In November 2012, an International Rescue Committee delegation of board members and senior staff travelled to Jordan, Turkey, Lebanon and Iraq to evaluate conditions of displaced and conflict-affected Syrians and advocate for increased and more targeted humanitarian aid as the crisis evolves and intensifies.